The keeping of exact and detailed rewards was a major concern of the Mughal administration. 1668 – Alamgir Nama was written by Muhammad Kazim. In Mughal Court, status was determined by spatial proximity to the king. Jharokha darshan was introduced by Akbar. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Mughal Empire ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions EXERCISES Question 1. Akbar also introduced the Mansabdari System, where every officer was assigned a mansab(rank). He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. The titles like Asaf Khan, Mirza Raja were given to the nobles. Polygamy was practised widely by the ruling class. Akbar proclaimed his own religion Din-i-Ilahi, against the bigotry of orthodox Ulemas. Akbar commissioned the construction of a white marble tomb for Shaikh Salim Chisthi at Sikri. After Sher Shah, his successors ruled till Humayun invaded in 1555. Mughals were the important kings of the Delhi sultanate.. Babur: (1525 – 1530) Babur became the sultan at the age of 12 after his father Sultan Umar Shaikh Mirza died. Abu’l Fazl defined sovereignty as a social contract i.e., the emperor protected life, property, honour and faith and in return demanded obedience and a share of resources. Still the Mughal empire continued till the 1857 revolt. Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 7 History Chapter 4 – The Mughal Empire Quick revision notes. He also patronized learned men like Malik muhammad Jayasi who rote Padmavar under his reign. Name any two sources to reconstruct the Age of the Mughals. The authors of Mughal chronicles were invariably courtiers. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE NOTES. He had reintroduced Jaziya and pilgrim tax. 1530 – Humayun succeeds the Mughal throne. Here are some important notes and points on Mughal Empire for your various upcoming competitive examinations. Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. Revision Notes Class 7 Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. He was granted permission after initial resistance. Class 6 CBSE Notes PDF Class 7 CBSE Notes PDF Class 8 CBSE Notes PDF Class 9 CBSE Notes PDF Class 10 CBSE Notes PDF Class 11 CBSE Notes PDF Class 12 CBSE Notes PDF. Every volume contained information of ten lunar years. Two ruling groups of Indian origin, the Rajputs and the Indian Muslims (Shaikhzadas) entered the imperial service from 1560 onwards. From the latter half of the 16th century, the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the 17th century they controlled nearly all of the subcontinent. Once the emperor sat on the throne, no one was permitted to move from his position without permission. Akbar was curious about Christianity and the first Jesuit mission reached the Mughal Court at Fatehpur Sikri in 1580. Under Akbar, the Land revenue system was established known as Zabi / BAndobast systemThis sytem was further improved by Raja Todarmal. The emperor personally reviewed changes in rank, titles and official postings. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. 1556 – After the second battle of Panipat Akbar succeeds to the throne. Today we are providing aspirants important notes on the Mughal Empire. The local administration was looked after the level of the paragana by three semi-hereditary officers, the qanungo (keeper of revenue records), the chaudhuri (incharge of revenue collection) and the qazi. It left a political legacy, which the succeeding rulers of the subcontinent could not ignore. Babur was driven from Farghana by the warring Uzbeks. This document is highly rated by … Grand titles were adopted by the Mughal emperors at the time of coronation or after a victory. The Mughal artists, from the 17th century onwards began to portray emperor wearing the haloto symbolise the light of God. In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. 1585 – Akbar shifted his capital from Fatehpur Sikri to Lahore. Babur took over the Lodhi capital of Agra. Later, it was revised by Sadullah Khan. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. 1648 – Shahjahanabad became the new capital of the Mughal Empire. The capital cities of the Mughals frequently shifted during the 16th and 17th centuries. Rana Pratap was defeated by the Mughal army in 1576. Some important officials were Mir Bakshi (paymaster general), Diwan-i ala (Finance minister) and sadr-us-sudur (minister of grants and incharge of appointing local judges or qazis), etc. INCOMMING TRAFFIC. Below, a crowd wanted to have a look of the emperor. After three years of his assession ,his beloved wife died in 1631, he built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaj Mahal at Agra. He faced revolts in Bundelkhand after usurping the throne after his fathers daeath. Akbar had three fairly able successors Jahangir (1605-27), Shah Jahan (1628-58) and Aurangzeb (1658-1707). Students can also use CBSE Notes Class 7 History Chapter 4-The Mughal Empire to revise the entire Chapter for the exam. TNPSC General Studies History free study course. Class 7 History Notes Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. CBSE class 12 History Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. 1857 – The last ruler of the Mughal dynasty was overthrown by the British. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. Hadis described life event of prophet Muhammad which restricted the deception of living beings as they regarded it as function of God. Mughals and Marathas. King was a divinely inspired individual who had supreme sovereignty over his people and complete control over his enemies. The best app for CBSE students now provides Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. In 2nd Battle of panipat, Hemu was defeated and Mughals won. Akbar did not only consolidate his empire but also made it one of the strongest empires of his time. It gives us a glimpse into the domestic world of Mughals. Babur’s successor, Nasiruddin Humayun (1530-40, 1555-56) expanded the frontiers of the empire, but lost it to the Afghan leader Sher Shah Sur. With these liberal ideas, the Mughal rulers could effectively controlled the heterogeneous population of Indian sub-continent for a century and a half. Select the desired chapter to access all the relevant notes, study material, practice papers, sample papers, questions & test solutions and videos. The forms of salutation to the ruler indicated the person’s status in the hierarchy. This removed the barrier between the Maraths and the mughasl and confrontations began. The emperor began his day at sunrise with personal religious devotions and then appeared on a small balcony, the jharoka for the view (darshan) of his subjects. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS, cbse social science CLASS 7 THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS, Ncert CLASS 7 social science THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS notes, ncert CLASS 7 social science THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS solutions, ncert CLASS 7 subjects, ncert CLASS … 1527 – defeated Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies at Khanua. MCQ Questions for Class 7 History: Ch 4 The Mughal Empire. It is divided into five books/sections. 3 Mughal army on campaign. Modern historians called these texts as chronicles, as they presented a continuous chronological record of events. He fought two battles against Sher Shah, the afgan leader at Chausa and Kannauj, where he was completely defeated. Mughal history is known through literary and archaeological sources. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. It also has … THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Fig. The Mughal kings celebrated three major festivals in a year i.e. Thus, the Mughal tried to ward off this potential danger, and tried to control Kabul and Qandahar. Humayun then escaped to Iran for next fifteen years. he is known for his strict administration. He then assumed the title of ‘Ghazi’. His name was Salim. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Akbar’s favourite calligraphy style was the nastaliq, a fluid style with long horizontal strokes. These concepts are discussed at length in Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 7 History. Revision Notes for the The Mughal Empire, CBSE Class 7 SOCIAL SCIENCE, Our Pasts Ii. From Sonargaon to Sind, From Agra to Burhampur, from Jodhpur to Chittor and from Lahore to Multan. Jizya: A tax imposed on non-muslims in lieu of military service. According to the emperor it began his day at sunrise with a few religious prayer and then used to appear in a small balcony, i.e. The Badshah Nama was written by Abul Hamid Lahori about the reign of Shahjahan. He expanded and consolidated his empire making it the largest, strongest and richest. Get The Mughal Empire, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. Humayun conquered his lost empire back from Afghans. The Mughal dynasty was founded by Bābur (reigned 1526–30). He was a Chagatai Turkic prince and was descended from the Turkic conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) on his father’s side and Genghis Khan, on his mother’s side. He was the eldest son of Babur and ascended the throne in 1530. Divine theory of kingship: The king was believed as the representative of god, acquired his powers from him and therefore had to be obeyed. the land revenue was fixed on the average yield of land assessed based on past ten years records. He is considered greatest monarchs of India. In 1648, under the rule of Shah Jahan, the capital was transferred to Shahjahanabad with the Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, the Chandni Chowk and spacious homes for the nobility. Akbar’s quest for religions knowledge led to interfaith debates in the Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri, between learned Muslims, Hindus, Jainas, Parsis and Christians. Paintings were done on the choronicles to make them attractive. The administrative and military efficiency of the Mughal Empire led to great economic and commercial prosperity. News reports and important official documents travelled across the Mughal Empire by imperial post which included round-the-clock relays of foot-runners (qasid or pathmar) carried papers rolled up in bamboo containers. After Noor Jahan, Mughal queens and princesses began to control significant financial resources. (ii) The Mughal empire was very large and therefore for running the administration and maintaining law and order, a huge amount of finance is needed which comes from the revenue. Abu’l Fazl described the ideal of Sulh-i kul (absolute peace) as the cornerstone of enlightened rule. Captain William Hawkins of East India Company came to Jahangir’s court. However, the new religion did not became popular. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. He introduced new coins called as ‘dams’ which remained in circulation til 1835. These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. Iranian Sufi thinker Suhrawardi developed the idea that there was a hierarchy in which the Divine Light was transmitted to the king who then became the source of spiritual guidance for his subjects. Get The Mughal Empire, History and Civics Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. In the 17th century, mansabdar of 1,000 Zat or above was ranked as nobles. In chapter 4: You must have learn about the Mughal Empire. For initial five years, Bairam Khan consolidated the empire for him. He waged wars with Rajputs expanding his empire to include Punjab, Sind, Multan, Bundelkhand. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. The bazaar of Chandni Chowk was designed by Jahanara. PDF download free. 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